To remember Bhimrao Ambedkar only as the maker of India’s Constitution is perhaps injustice to his memory. It is to ignore an entire school of thought propagated and embodied by him, that is vehemently against the deeply-entrenched caste order in the society.
Father of Indian Constitution, Dr Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar, was well-known as a politician, a jurist and an economist was born on April 14, 1891 at Mhow, Madhya Pradesh and was India’s first independent law and justice minister.
Here are some facts about Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar:
- Independent India’s first lawmaker and the principal architect of Indian Constitution
- His original name was Bhimrao Ramji Ambavedkar. But his teacher Mahadev Ambedkar who was fond of him, changed his surname from Ambavedkar to his own surname Ambedkar
- He held Ph.D. and Double doctorate in Economics Nobel laureate Prof Amartya Sen once said, “Dr Ambedkar is my father in economics”
- Ambedkar changed 14 hours working time, introduced 8 hours duty in India
- RBI was conceptualised on basis of guidelines presented by Ambedkar.
- In 1965, Ambedkar & 5 lakh others converted to Buddhism to escape caste system.He preached equality stating, “I like the religion that teaches liberty, equality and fraternity”
- The jurist, economist, politician and social reformer died on Dec 6, 1956
AMBEDKAR’S CONTRIBUTION ON BUILDING THE CONSTITUTION OF INDIA
- Ambedkar was appointed as the chairman of the constitution drafting committee on August 29, 1947.
- He believed that the gap between different classes was important to equalize, otherwise it will be very difficult to maintain the unity of the country. He emphasized on religious, gender and caste equality.
- Ambedkar introduced the reservation system to create a social balance amongst the classes
Facts on the Constitution of India:
- The constitution was adopted on November 26, 1949, while it came into force on January 26, 1950.
- The Constitution of India was not typeset or printed but was handwritten and calligraphed in both English and Hindi.
- The original copies of the Constitution of India are kept in special helium-filled cases in the Library of the Parliament of India.
- Indian Constitution is known as a bag of borrowings.
- The concepts of Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity were taken from the French Constitution.
- The concept of five-year plans was taken from the USSR.
- The Directive Principles were taken from Ireland.
- The laws on which the Supreme Court functions were taken from Japan.
- It is the longest written constitution of an independent country in the world.
- The Constitution of India contains 448 articles in 25 parts, 12 schedules, 5 appendices and 98 amendments.
- The Constituent Assembly had 284 members, out of which 15 were women.
- The draft was submitted in November 1949. After the submission, it took three more years to complete it.
- All the 284 members of the Constituent Assembly signed the documents on January 24, 1950.
- The constitution came into effect on January 26.
- The National Emblem of India too was adopted on the same day
- The Indian Constitution is known as one of the world’s best constitutions, especially because it has only seen 94 amendments.
Inputs taken from Google